Digitization and Digital Preservation of the Museum of Normal and Pathological Anatomy at the Università degli Studi of Palermo
Coordinator: Valerio Rizzo, MS, PhD
3D Photogrammetry and Autodesk ReMake Expert: Valerio Rizzo, MS, PhD
Pathological Anatomy Team: Giulio Giannone, MD ; Prof. Ada Florena, MD and Prof. Emiliano Maresi, MD
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Since the early decades from the foundation of the University of Palermo in 1805, the Faculty of Medicine has always been one of the most productive centers of important anatomical and pathological studies, among which stand out those of Giovanni Gorgone and its students and successors as the anatomical Giovanbattista Gallo and surgeons Enrico Albanese and Giovanni Misco.
The Museum of Pathological-Anatomy at the Università degli Studi of Palermo was founded by Prof. Giovanni Gorgone back in 1820. Hidden and forgotten for decades, the museum has an exhibition space of roughly 160 m2, it includes more than 1600 specimens (500 of them dated back to 1852), more than 120 specimens with detailed historical and medical records and a huge variety of rare human pathologies and teratologies. Finally, it also includes more than 110 gorgeous wax reproduction of normal and pathological anatomical specimens. Jewel of the Museum is one of the few exemplar of Acromegalic Skeleton existing in the whole world. This Museum has one of the richest archives of anatomical specimens of rare pathological condition available in the region, Nation and perhaps in all EU.
This archive is not just legacy and the historical memory of so many distinguished scholars, mainly it represents an important resource for educational purposes and a potential source of wealth if used in the context of new technologies.
By using the latest techniques of 3D stereophotogrammetry reconstruction and classical medical imaging, preservation and reproduction of most of the anatomical archive will be performed. In addition to digital preservation, the 3D reconstructions of the anatomical specimens will be used to create an online archive and, eventually, 3D printing for rebuilding real reproductions. Another objective of the present project is to perform a virtual restoration of the original specimen. To this aim a close collaboration between specialised 3d artists and medical experts of the department will take place.
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3D TAM edu is also part of the ISPRS – Commission V – Close-Range Sensing: Analysis and Applications – Working Group V5 – Close range measurements for bio and geosciences, 2012-16.